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Clinical Psychologist (adults or children)

A clinical psychologist is a mental health professional with highly specialized training in the diagnosis and psychological treatment of mental, behavioral and emotional illnesses, including obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

The difference between general psychology and clinical psychology is that general psychology is the study of mental behaviors and psychological functions. Whereas clinical psychology is not merely a scientific study, but a step further and deals with the assessment and then treatment of mental illnesses.

Counselling Psychologist (adults or children)

Counselling psychologists evaluate their patients do not work with people struggling with severe mental health disorders, their patients usually consult with them to discuss relationships, substance abuse, career, and other problems.

The main difference between a counsellor and counselling psychologist is in the academic training. In theory, counsellors work shorter term with life issues, such as bereavement and relationships, while a counselling psychologist works over a longer period of time with more complicated or enduring mental health issues.

Neuropsychologist (adults or children)

Neuropsychology is a branch of psychology that is concerned with how the brain and the rest of the nervous system influence a person's cognition and behaviours. More importantly, professionals in this branch of psychology often focus on how injuries or illnesses of the brain (such as Dementia), affect cognitive functions and behaviours. A neuropsychologist is a psychologist who specializes in understanding the relationship between the physical brain and behaviour. The brain is complex. Disorders within the brain and nervous system can alter behaviour and cognitive function.

Educational Psychologist (children)

Educational psychologists work within local authorities, in partnership with families and other professionals, to help children and young people achieve their full potential. They provide advice and training on how schools might help children to learn and develop.

Educational psychologists study children of all ages and how they learn. While investigating how children process emotional, social and cognitive stimuli, they make assessments based on the child’s reactions to stimuli. They use this analysis to identify learning, social and behavioural issues that impede children’s learning.

Educational psychology is a specialized field.

Social worker

"Social work is a profession concerned with helping individuals, families, groups and communities to enhance their individual and collective well-being. It aims to help people develop their skills and their ability to use their resources and those of the community to resolve problems.

Clinical Social Worker

Clinical social work is a specialty practice area of social work which focuses on the assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental illness, emotional, and other behavioural disturbances. Individual, group and family therapy are common treatment modalities.

Occupational Therapist

An occupational therapist (OT) is a health professional who is responsible for helping patients develop, recover and improve the skills needed for daily living and working. Their patients have generally lost these abilities because of mental, physical or developmentally or emotionally disabling conditions.

What is the difference between occupational therapy and physical therapy?

OT vs PT: One Basic Difference

The main difference between occupational therapy and physical therapy is that OT focuses on improving a client's ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL) and PT focuses on improving a client's ability to perform movement of the human body.

Occupational therapists typically do the following:

  1. review a patient’s medical history, ask the patient questions and observe them doing tasks
  2. evaluate a patient’s condition and needs
  3. develop a treatment plan
  4. help people with various disabilities with different tasks
  5. use physical exercises to help patients increase strength and dexterity
  6. use activities to help patients improve visual acuity and the ability to discern patterns
  7. use computer programmes to help clients improve decision-making, abstract-reasoning, problem-solving, memory, sequencing, coordination and perceptual skills
  8. educate a patient’s family and employer about how to accommodate and care for the patient
  9. recommend special equipment, such as wheelchairs and eating aids, and instruct patients on how to use that equipment
  10. assess and record patients’ activities and progress for patient evaluations, for billing, and for reporting to physicians and other health care providers.


A psychometrist is responsible for the administration and scoring of psychological and neuropsychological tests under the supervision of a clinical psychologist or clinical neuropsychologist.

The difference between psychologist and psychometrist. is that psychologist is an expert in the field of psychology while psychometrist is a professional who administers and scores psychological and neuropsychological measures (tests).

Registered Counsellor

A registered counsellor provides short-term, supportive counselling, psycho-education and psychological assessments, e.g. intellectual or scholastic abilities, aptitude, interests, career placement, personality profiling. Registered counsellors can identify symptoms or reasons for referrals to professionals within the health care system.

Registered counsellors do not diagnose or treat pathology but in such a case will refer a client to the appropriate registered health care professional.

The main difference between a counsellor and psychologist is in the academic training. In theory, counsellors work shorter term with life issues, such as bereavement and relationships, while a psychotherapist (psychologist) works over a longer period of time with more complicated or enduring mental health issues.